Monday, January 20, 2020

Wedding Speech †Best Woman or Maid of Honor :: Wedding Toasts Roasts Speeches

Wedding Speech – Best Woman or Maid of Honor Ladies and Gentlemen – I’ll start by thanking Brian on behalf of the bridesmaids for his kind words. For those of you who don’t know me, I’m Hannah and am trying to do as good a job as I can today to be Brian’s best man – rather as good a job as I am able to do given that there was no way I was going to put my name down to have gender reassignment surgery so that I could properly fulfil the role. I was a bit surprised, although naturally honoured, when Brian asked me to do this, but in actual fact, having a girl as a best man makes perfect sense as it shows that Brian has carefully thought ahead to his life as a married man and is happy with the woman having the last word! However if there’s anybody here who feels nervous and apprehensive at the thought of what is soon to come†¦ it is probably because you have just married Brian. Now I was a bit unsure about the duties of a best man, although I told Brian very early on that there was no way I was going to get off with a bridesmaid – I say that with no offence intended to Claire and Nicola who I’m sure you’ll all agree look lovely, and have done a great job today. So to find out what was expected of me, I turned to the internet and managed to find some really interesting stuff†¦ but then remembered what I had gone onto it for in the first place, and set about plagiarising other people’s speeches from all the wedding sites I could find. So I accept no responsibility if this end result is rubbish. I know many of you will have been to a few weddings in your time, so can I suggest that you entertain yourselves quietly by playing wedding bingo – every time you hear a witty comment in my speech that you have already heard at another wedding, give yourself a point and the first one to five wins a piece of wedding cake. So going back to what I discovered I am expected to do as the best man: Organise the stag night. Or in Brian’s case, hen night as Brian insisted on inviting more girls than guys. It was actually a very civilised affair, walk in the countryside, few drinks in a nice pub, then a lovely meal with fine wine and champagne in the evening.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Youth Gangs in the American Society

Randall Shelden is a well-known sociologist who has a Ph. D. from the Southern Illinois University. The different branches of his studies include understanding the young generation as to how their lives and their dealings particularly relate to the ways by which they react to the changing society that include gang formations and juvenile delinquency issues. There are different books of which he has already published that also include the said issues and of such well-written publications is the one that tackles the â€Å"Youth Gangs in the American Society†. About the Book The â€Å"Youth Gangs in the American Society† is a reading that presents both the reasons behind and the qualifying results of gang issues in the United States. Through the gathered psychological as well as psychosocial explanations that reason out with the existing situations in the society today, Shelden presented the necessary points of consideration needed to be understood in presenting the discussion of youth gangs and how should be well treated with. Content and Summary The youth are the hope of today’s society. This line has long been recognized by many industrialized as well as developing countries worldwide. This is the primary reason why it is evident that government organizations are trying to invest their best possible available assets to the development of the young generation. However, not all of the members of the young generation actually get to have an access on the said programs. Most of them, who belong to the minority groups of the society, are the ones who are in need of these programs. Yet, they are the ones who have lesser access on the said governmental set-ups. As a result, young people who get charged with juvenile delinquency cases are increasing every year. The fact that they have nothing better to do than to simply stay at home or wander around in the states, they become the target of numerous gangs that are encouraging youths to join them in their unlawful acts. If not, many of these youths bring forth several chaotic movements that particularly disturb the entire community. These youths certainly need help. Furthermore, as the children grow up, the young adults become more prone to different influences from the environment. The people that they deal with everyday become the source of the different values that they take in for themselves as they personally grow up. There are at least four major reasons why young people develop in the behavior that they grow up with. These four major dimensions of development could be noted as follows: †¢ The family and the parents: usually, the young children get the examples of acts from their parents which in turn they carry in themselves as they grow up. It is through this particular process that the young ones are able to comprehend with the impact that their parents are making on them as young adults. The Environment and the Society: As the young children grow older, the impact of the people living around them aside from their family members begins to leave an impact on their personality. True, the situation has been much more proved by the psychologists that the effect of the family and the society differ from each other. As for a fact, the percentage of effec t that the society makes on the individual is far much higher than that of the effect of the family with development of the youngsters. †¢ The psychological need for acceptance: young ones aim to be accepted especially if they have the capacity of being recognized. This is the reason why they usually take sides on those who they seem are able to recognize their capabilities. †¢ The decision making system of the youngsters: They are usually deciding in different ways, most of the time, confusion gets in the way. This is the reason why it is very important that they are given fine attention as they are being assisted with the personal development difficulties that they are dealing with at present. To understand the four dimensions better, the diagram shall show the necessary illustration to explain better: DIAGRAM 1: Dimensions of Effects on the Personal Development of Youngsters These four dimensions of impact on youths’ developmental progress actually shapes the way that they ought to understand the way that they are to progress as individuals. This is the reason why the difficulties of the young should be given fine attention to. It is certainly important that the young ones are given the guidance that they need to be come well endowed to a better life that is much more different from the destructive ways that they are merely brought up by the massively destructive human society at present. This is where the issue on peer pressure enters. As noted earlier, the situation becomes hard-to-deal-with especially when it comes to the effect of the society [particularly referring to their peers] on the development that happens within the personality of the youngsters. Peer pressure can be deceptive—in fact, we may not notice it at all. Clearly, people want to fit in with those around them—so much so that most will even deny what they know to be true. Many young people have observed this pressure in action. Understanding the fact that people have this certain need of being accepted, it could not be denied that as they [particularly referring to the young generation], are most likely the target of peer pressure. This is mainly because of the fact that they deal with different people almost everyday. Hence, as noted earlier, the people are more susceptible to change of personality as they are gradually involved with the ways by which other people are living their lives with. Communities around the world, especially in the multicultural environment that the United States is dealing with right now, are in dire need of support as to how they are supposed to take care of the young generation that is mainly making up the entire population of the American society. It has been noted through reports that at least 48% of the immigrants from different countries around the world entering the premises of the American society belong to the young population. They are most likely to have been noted to move with or without their families in the country. Some of them are even less knowledgeable of the American society and thus are having a hard time in actually adjusting to the American lifestyle. As a result, most of them end up in becoming part of gangs that are known for their delinquent acts. Sadly, this report is known all over the American territories. Most of the time, the communities that are primarily affected are those which are playing as hosts to the immigrants, most likely, the poor areas of the country. Reactions and Critique As noted from the details presented above, it could be observed that the author intently researched on the binding issues that support the claims about the things that pertain to the growth of the number of youth gangs in America. Considerably, as an expert of the said study in sociology, Shelden was able to present the different elements that needs to be understood with regards the importance of knowing what gangs are and why are they particularly formed by their leaders. Most likely, the approach on research and explanation that the author used is indeed considered an important matter that affects the ways by which social workers are able to understand the reasons behind the situation and thus act upon it. Understandably, the simplified yet profound way of making the discussion much more understandable and clarified for the particular target audience of the author was rather an effective manner of contemplating the different factors that contribute to the manner by which gangs are flooding the society today. It is through this particular reading that the readers would have a better view of why the youth are joining gangs thus be able to act upon the said matter and affect the situation in the society as well as lighten up the burden that the youth are carrying making them much more capable of facing a better future later on in their lives. As noted, the author simply makes it easier for people to help well together for the betterment of the young generation towards the years to come. Reference: Randall Shelden. (2003). Youth Gangs in the American Society (Contemporary Issues in Crime and Justice Series). Wadsworth Publishing.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Relationship Between Alcohol Related Posts On Facebook...

Identity, in the general sense, is a complex concept to nail down. It is multi-faceted, shifting in meaning from situation to situation. One’s personal identity can be ascribed by others or understood individually, all the while changing to fit certain situations and expectations. The academic article â€Å"I’m a Social (Network) Drinker: Alcohol-Related FaceBook Posts, Drinking Identity, and Alcohol Use,† written by Lindsey M. Rodriguez, Dana Litt, Clayton Neighbors, and Melissa A. Lewis, looks at two very specific aspects of one’s identity: alcohol use and social-network presentation. Their research aims to identify and interpret the relationship between alcohol-related posts on FaceBook and drinking identity through quantitative measurements and qualitative interpretations. While this research does have its limitations, which will be addressed in this essay, it does raise several considerable questions about human identity. Through the use of secondary sources and quantitative research, the authors of this article propose a correlation between drinking identity and social identity, forcing the audience to consider just how much of their identities are inherent and stagnant, and how much of their identities are shaped by forces around them. In order to fully understand the scope of the article’s research, it is first important to have working definitions of the terminology in use. The authors define drinking identity as â€Å"a component of identity that is associated with heavierShow MoreRelatedI m A Social ( Network ) Drinker1045 Words   |  5 PagesYour identity is something that reflects your background and culture, and shows who you are. It’s something that is always changing as you meet new people, move to new places, or simply could just change out of the blue. In the article â€Å"I’m a Social (network) Drinker: Alcohol- Related Facebook Posts, Drinking Identity, and Alcohol Use, the authors looked at the associations between social media and alcohol use and how they affect our identity. Because we are all human,we are all trying to be acceptedRead MoreSocial Networking, Perceived Norms And Drinking Among College Students2151 Words   |  9 PagesPerceived Norms and Drinking Among College Students Jessica Katon Southern Connecticut State University Social Networking, Perceived Norms and Drinking Among College Students Introduction In the United States, binge drinking among college students continues to be a prevalent health issue due to the potential negative consequences that can impact their safety and wellbeing. While there are a number of factors that may potentially influence a college students’ decision to use alcohol, research suggestsRead MoreSocial Media And Its Effects On Society1592 Words   |  7 PagesIn the past decade, the development of vast social media networks has improved our communications and interactions. These networks, such as Facebook and Twitter, are essential to how information is shared and criticized. The Social Media Handbook defines social media as â€Å"networked information services designed to support in-depth interaction, community formation, collaborative opportunities and collaborative work† (Hunsinger, 2014 p.1). Having an account or profile on these sites is more than a socialRead MoreSocial Networks : Blessing Or Curse? Essay2770 Words   |  12 Pages Social Networks: Blessing or Curse? Today?s technology has drastically changed the way we communicate around the world. Technology has impacted society in such a way that it has incorporated into our everyday lives. Social networks like Facebook and Twitter have brought people closer together by communicating with old friends, keeping in touch with family, and online dating. The number of people using social networks is rapidly increasing year after year. These social networks have helpedRead MoreThe Effects Of Too Much Social Networking1818 Words   |  8 Pagesgames and chat with other users. In addition, people have the ability to learn about current news and events. It has also served as an effective tool in marketing for many businesses worldwide. Some of the top widely used networking sites include Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Instagram. While social networking has provided great benefits for users to communicate and interact, it poses some negative effects as well. Some people are unaware of the damage it can cause them and to others around themRead MoreMarketing Campaign : Skyy Spirits Llc3877 Words   |  16 Pagesa broader client base, including the lower segment of the age demographic. This negative trend to target youth has been recognized as extremely harmful, as young consumers are more easily effected by advertisements and an increased consumption of alcohol results in higher chances of injury, risky sexual behaviors, mental health issues and anti-social behavior. Instead of following this destructive path, Skyy Vodka has chosen to become a leader in advertisement with their most recent campaign â€Å"WestRead MoreTiger Beer Market Plan7717 Words   |  31 Pagesfrequent purchasing patterns. Beer companies are aware of the recent change in trends and have turned their attention to market and invest in this segment. Akin to the changing market conditions, our target market for Tiger Beer is those aged between 18-30 years old. Tiger Beer has a strong brand equity in Singapore and abroad, however it may appear ‘old-fashioned’ to the younger consumers. To assist the consumers to change their perception of our product, we have derived a market planRead MoreCauses of Loitering Problems10544 Words   |  43 Pages565  © Sociologickà ½ à ºstav AV ÄÅ'R, v.v.i., Praha 2011 The Formation of Identity in Teenage Mall Microculture: A Case Study of Teenagers in Czech Malls* JANA SPILKOVà  and LUCIE RADOVà ** Charles University, Prague Abstract: Geographies of children and youth are a surprisingly neglected research topic in the transforming (post-communist) countries, where many societal changes are taking place. This article introduces a research project that focused on teenagers and their leisure-time activities, concentratingRead MoreEssay on The Dangers of Cell Phones in Society2678 Words   |  11 Pages This theft could range from physical property, to the person’s identity such as credit card, or social security information. If personal information is disclosed to the wrong person, there could be dire consequences. Saved information in the phone may allow for someone else to easily log into certain applications and retrieve personal information. Geotagging, which is the assignment of a location to photos, videos, or other posts made on the internet, could also lead to potential danger. With thisRead MoreViolence Among Youth3553 Words   |  15 Pagesurban problem in the nineteenth century and, from the 1950s, as an experience characterised in terms of leisure, consumption and excitement. The first part of the module introduces the main sociological traditions that have considered the interplay between youth, crime, consump tion and the city. These include the Chicago School, Labelling and Social Construction, New Deviancy Theory and the work associated with the Birmingham Centre for Cultural Studies. The perspectives here primarily focus on white

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Poetic Perceptions of Death Essay - 3253 Words

Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) and Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) are two of the most well known poets of the 19th century. Tennyson, described as â€Å"the leading poet of the Victorian Age† and Dickinson, described as â€Å"one of America’s greatest poets† both won most of acclaim thanks to their strong ideas on death. Death is a common theme in any eras but it took a particular significance in the 19th century , especially in literature. As intense poets, both Dickinson and Tennyson shared their innermost views regarding death, particularly seen in Tennyson’s â€Å"Mariana†, â€Å"Crossing the Bar† and Dickinson’s â€Å"Because I could not stop for death† and â€Å"Behind me—dips Eternity.† In â€Å"Because I could not stop for death† and â€Å"Behind me—dips Eternity†,†¦show more content†¦Hallam and Tennyson had a very deep relationship tracing back to Cambridge, 1829 and so, when Hallam died, Tennyson entered a state of perpetual sorrow. As a tribute, Tennyson â€Å"wrote In Memoriam A.H.H . for his best friend† as an attempt to come to terms with his sudden death. In some of his other poems about death, such â€Å"Mariana†, Tennyson relates the idea of desperation, and sadness with the idea of death. This is most likely because the death of Hallam had such a powerful impact on Tennyson that Tennyson constantly refers to his own desolation as a way to come to terms with the death of his friend and thus this is the connection that Tennyson makes with death. Although â€Å"Mariana† and â€Å"Crossing the Bar† do not appear in â€Å"In Memoriam A.H.H.†, they both mirror aspects found in â€Å"In Memoriam A.H.H.† such as the strong tone of dejection (in early Canto’s such as Canto VII) and acceptance (in later Canto’s such as Canto LXXXVI). For example, in â€Å"Mariana†, a poem that was partly inspired by Shakespeare’s â€Å"Measure for Measure†, Tennyson attempts to capture the persona’s inner feelings of despondency. Tennyson mainly does this by describing the persona, Mariana, in such a state of forlorn that she begins to almost desire death, specifically seen in the refrain, as it may be the onlyShow MoreRelatedAt Mornington, A Poem by Gwen Harwood750 Words   |  3 Pageshas effectively used poetic techniques such as construction; vivid imagery and the context of her own life to explore this idea and contributed to the textual integrity of the piece. External contextual readings and values of the poem have illuminated the significance of the piece in asserting the value of friendship and relationships, and presented various ideas such as the inevitability of death, the significance that past events and memories play in shaping present perception as well as the definingRead MoreBecause I Could Not Stop for Death by Emily Dickinson Essay651 Words   |  3 PagesBecause I Could Not Stop for Death by Emily Dickinson Emily Dickinsons poem Because I Could Not Stop For Death, is an interesting composition of the English language which commands respect and critical examination. This literary work deals with mortality and retrospect of ones life. It begins with the speakers recollection of the day she died, now viewed from the level of eternity. She is looking back on how things used to be, almost with a sense of completion, as if herRead MoreEmily Dickinson And Susan Dickinsons Poetry1149 Words   |  5 Pagesin its history, one cannot avoid focusing on the role of the Civil War of her literary subject matter as well as her unique style of literary expression. As a result, to trace Dickinsons growth as a poet and her incorporating particular poetic themes, namely death, isolation, and suffering, it is crucial to explore several events from the authors biography that had a significant impact on her as the poet. More specifically, one should investigate Dickinsons time spent at the Amherst Academy andRead MoreViolence In The Great Gatsby Analysis809 Words   |  4 Pageswas the common perception of women at this time, that their new-found freedom meant that they were living this â€Å"fairy tale† life. However through both violence and death Fitzgerald explores the truth behind this misconception. They go on to discuss how Daisy is not the â€Å"fabulous female† many b elieve she may be. Fitzgerald portrays Daisy’s faà §ade of her perfect life at the beginning of the novel; however, as the novel progresses and Daisy’s involvement with both violence and death occur, her innocentRead MoreOedipus Tragedy Analysis929 Words   |  4 Pages Poetics and the Perfect Tragedy: An Analysis of Oedipus Tyrannus Aristotle’s Poetics argues that the a successful tragedy is determined by its â€Å"plot, character, diction, reasoning, spectacle and lyric poetry† (50a8). A great tragic work, as described by Aristotle, will be impossible without plot, but characters are merely optional—the most effective tragic device lies in the perceptions and implications a tragedy’s plot yields. Yet, having a protagonist of â€Å"not outstanding moral excellence or justice†Read MoreThe word Wit has multiple definitions, most of which metaphysical poets use in their distinctive1400 Words   |  6 PagesThe word Wit has multiple definitions, most of which metaphysical poets use in their distinctive poetic style. Definitions for wit include: â€Å"the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of those connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure† (Dictionary.com 2014) and â€Å"understanding, intelligence, or sagacity, astuteness† (Dictionary.com 2014). In this paper I will unpack the main features of metaphysical poetry and explore the relevance of wit and conceit in relation to John Donne’sRead MoreMargaret Ellen Lamb s Exploration Of Sidney s Defense Of Poesy922 Words   |  4 Pagesvalidation through masculine or feminine social constructs. Therefore this perception allows anxieties to develop when certain acts appear to threaten consistent gendered performances. For instance theatrical practices where boys adopt ‘the costume and gestures of femininity may cause real detriment to their masculinity. The related charge in the ‘mother of lies or ‘nurse of abuse passage from Defense conflates poetic invention with deceit, femininity and amorality. Whilst this passage is introducedRead MoreSylvia Plath Mad Girls Love Song Analysis1487 Words   |  6 Pagesundergraduate college student. The poem is written in the villanelle poetic form of which it reflects not only the rigorous fixed format, nineteen-line with two repeating rhymes and two refrains but also the melancholic tone and rhythm of the traditional dance song—in vogue in Italy and France during the sixteenth century—in which its roots lie. The title itself offers a plausible explanation for choosing the villanelle poetic form, which strict metric certainly helps to convey the sense of tormentRead MoreAnalysis Of Dorothy Parker s One Perfect Rose1311 Words   |  6 Pagespre-existing conventions which are most frequently used in the poetic form of an elegy. A form which is often utilised in modern literature and serves the purpose of melancholy reflection, and is typically a lament for the dead. This is a significant element to One Perfect Rose as Parker ironically juxtaposes the romantic imagery in her language, against the poems structure which has conflicting prior connotations of death and burial. It is the poetic form’s brevity which enables this structural irony, asRead MoreAdrienne Rich Twenty One Love Poem1053 Words   |  5 Pagesoppression of women and lesbians to the forefront of poetic discourse. Rich s poetics depends on a reader s experience of her poetry. It is an event of cultural engagement in which the poems, resonating with and against each other, urges the reader to test various hermeneutic and ideological stances, and it requires the dialogic interaction among poet, poem, reader, and cultural context. For these reasons, the reader is indispensable to Rich s feminist poetics. I believe the readers are the ones to perceive

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Paper Ratio and Financial Statement Analysis - 2682 Words

Benefits and Limitations of Ratio and Financial Statement Analysis July 25, 2013 MGMT640 Executive Summary In corporate finance, both ratio and financial statement analysis are important tools that can be used in order to assess a company’s strength financially. They can be used in order to forecast a business’ prospective cash flow and ability to grow in the future, as well as a company’s strengths and weaknesses. Income statements, balance sheets, the statement of retained earnings, and the statement of cash flows are the four primary types of financial statements used in corporate finance. All of these financial statements serve to analyze a firm’s†¦show more content†¦For a firm, such as Microsoft, its revenue would come from products such as the computers, phones, tablets, and software it sells to consumers. On the other hand, for a consulting firm, such as Accenture, revenues would stem from the fees it charges for its consulting services contracts with various government agencies around the world. Both companies are providing a product to a cons umer, one simply happens to be a tangible product that people buy, while the other is a service product that agencies need for their functionality. Expenses are the costs a firm incurs while generating its revenues (Parrino, 2011). For Microsoft, expenses would stem from the costs of building its products, marketing them, developing new products, shipping them around the world, etc. For Accenture, expenses would stem from the cost of all of its consultants, which includes their wages, insurance, company laptops it provides to each of them, travel costs for sending consultants around the world on projects, etc. Again both types of firms exhibit expenses; some of them are just different. Net income shows the company’s revenue relative to its expenses. If revenues exceeds expenses then the company has a net profit and is â€Å"in the black† for that time period (Parrino, 2011). On the other hand, if expenses exceed revenues then the company has a net loss and is â€Å"in the red† for that time period (Parrino, 2011). By looking at financialShow MoreRelatedRatio and Financial Ratio Analyisis1712 Words   |  7 PagesRatio and Financial Statements Analysis Kimberly Y. Gruber University of Maryland University College Dr. Sunando Sengupta 07/25/2013 Turnitin Score: 23% Executive Summary The purpose of this paper is to examine ratio and financial statement analysis. Such analysis is a useful tool for managers and stakeholders to evaluate a company’s financial health in order to identify opportunities for growth and areas of weakness so as to institute corrective measures.   Financial statements are usedRead MoreFinancial Statements: Industry Comparison1557 Words   |  7 PagesFinancial Statements: Industry Comparison University of Phoenix BSA 500: Business Systems I Instructor: May 28, 2007 Financial Statements: Industry Comparison More often managers are exposed to financial data and the need exists to develop knowledge and understanding of financial accounting concepts and principals. Nearly all companies prepare financial statements of some type and the complexity of those statements will vary. The analysis and interpretations of financial statementsRead MoreEvaluating The Performance Of A Company1124 Words   |  5 Pagesand review of financial information and statements. Financial statement analysis is a method of reviewing and analyzing a company’s or organizations financial statements such as their balance sheets, income statements, and statement of cash flows. Financial statement analysis helps companies gain an understanding of the financial position of the company, results of their operation, and cash flow of their company, which is also the main purpose of financial statements. In this paper, I will discussRead MoreFinancial Performance Review and Objective1405 Words   |  6 Pages A STUDY ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF MATHRUBHUMI PRINTIONG amp; PUBLISHING COMPANY LIMITED, CALICUT COMPANY PROFILE Mathrubhumi  is one of the front-runners among the Malayalam newspapers. The first copy of Mathrubhumi  was published on 18th of March 1923K. P. Kesava Menon, the prominent freedom fighter, as Editor and K. Madhavan Nair as Managing Director of it.In the beginning, the paper was published a week and had just one edition from Kozhikode (Calicut).Now with fourteen editions, includingRead MoreFinancial Performance Review and Objective1419 Words   |  6 Pages A STUDY ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF MATHRUBHUMI PRINTIONG amp; PUBLISHING COMPANY LIMITED, CALICUT COMPANY PROFILE Mathrubhumi  is one of the front-runners among the Malayalam newspapers. The first copy of Mathrubhumi  was published on 18th of March 1923K. P. Kesava Menon, the prominent freedom fighter, as Editor and K. Madhavan Nair as Managing Director of it.In the beginning, the paper was published a week and had just one edition from Kozhikode (Calicut).Now with fourteen editions, includingRead MoreFinancial Trend Analysis Of Tata Steel Ltd Essay1257 Words   |  6 Pages TERM PAPER ON â€Å"Financial Trend Analysis Of TATA STEEL Ltd.† BY SAMIKSH SHARMA {A3146915005} B.Com (H) – Evening Class of 2015-18 Under the Supervision of: Dr . ATUL KUMAR In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Commerce (Honours) At AMITY COLLEGE OF COMMERCE AND FINANCE AMITY UNIVERSITY UTTAR PRADESH, 2015-18 INDEX S.NO CONTENTS PAGE NO 1. TITLE PAGE 01 2. INDEX 02 3. DECLARATION FORM 03 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 04 5. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 05 - 06 6. INTRODUCTIONRead MoreFinancial Statement Analysis Paper1170 Words   |  5 PagesRunning head: FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS PAPER Financial Statement Analysis Paper Principles of Accounting ACC/300 Mr. John Opincar June 24, 2009 Abstract Landry’s has become a successful company over the years because the customers enjoy the specialty items that they serve on their menu. It has become a company that we enjoy taking our families out to dinner, celebrating birthday parties and certain special events. However, this paper will complete the financial analysis for the reportedRead MoreChuck E Cheeses1681 Words   |  7 PagesAmerica This paper was prepared for Financial Decision Making, MBU 652, Summer 2011, taught by Professor Howard S. Steed, PhD Abstract In this analysis paper I choose to learn about Chuck E. Cheeses. I demonstrate my understanding of the categories of Financial Statement Analysis, which includes – profitability, liquidity, activity and debt (leverage). Our class was assigned a company for financial scrutiny and to obtain financial statements (Balance Sheet, Income Statement, and Cash FlowRead MoreMethod Analysis Essay942 Words   |  4 PagesIn a 2 to 3 page paper, evaluate the three methods of analysis: horizontal, vertical, and ratio as explained in Chapter 9 of your textbook. Summarize each method, and discuss how the financial information is used to make a particular decision. Provide a scenario in a health care situation in which a given method of analysis might be used. Horizontal: Horizontal analysis, also called trend analysis, refers to studying the behavior of indi- vidual financial statement items over several accountingRead MoreThe Financial Status Of A Company1548 Words   |  7 PagesThe financial status of a company is a high priority for internal personal such as managers and external personal such as stockholders. The reason being that by developing financial statements and ratio analysis it allows all users to see the current and future status of a company’s financial state. Financial statements are beneficial, but have certain limitations that may cause issues, if unknown, when the company or individuals use them. This paper will discuss the benefits of ratio analysis and

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Hamlet by William Shakespeare Essay Example For Students

Hamlet by William Shakespeare Essay In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare Two of the characters fathers are brutishly murdered. The first murdered character is King Hamlet who is supposed to be revenge by his son prince Hamlet. The second murder is Polonius who is supposed to be revenged by his son Laertes. Both Prince Hamlet and Laertes go to seek revenge for the death of fathers, however they will each use different methods to accomplish their deeds. Prince Hamlet has a meeting with the dead ghost of his father King Hamlet. King Hamlets ghost reveals to his son, his murder by his brother Claudius. Hamlet is informed by his father that he needs to be avenged by the death of his brother Claudius. By this time Claudius has already ascended the throne, and married Hamlets mother Queen Gertrude. Hamlet decides to take a passive approach to avenge his father. Hamlet first decides to act abnormal which does not accomplish much besides warning his uncle that he might know he killed his father. Later in the play a troop of actors come to act out a play, and Hamlet has them reenact the murder of is father in front of his uncle Claudius. The actors murder scene also make Hamlet question himself about the fact that he has done nothing yet to avenge his father. Hamlet says But am I Pigeon-livered and lack gall / To make oppression bitter, or ere this / I should ha fatted all the region kites / With this slaves offal. Bloody, bawdy villain! ( Act II scene 2 page 84 line 577- 580 ). During the play Hamlet watches is uncle Claudius to see his reaction when the actors perform the murder scene. Hamlet plan works his uncle throws a fit and runs out the room, where Hamlet goes after him. When Hamlet catches up to his uncle his uncle is kneeling down praying, and Hamlet pulls out his sword and gets ready to kill him. But all the sudden Hamlet changes his mind because if he kills his uncle while hes praying he will go to heaven, and Hamlet wants him to go to hell. So hamlet postpones the execution of his uncle. The next confrontation does not happen till the end of the book when Hamlet escapes from his uncles ill murder attempt on his life. Hamlet later sword fences with Laertes. All the sudden Hamlets mother Queen Gertrude drinks a poison glass intended for Hamlet. When Hamlet is not looking Laertes stabs him with a poison sword then Hamlet takes hold of the poisoned sword, and stabs Laertes with it. As this happens Queen Gertrude dies from the poison drink. As Laertes lays down dying he reveals to Hamlet that his uncle King Claudius was behind it all, the poisoned sword and drink that has just killed his mother. Hamlet then in a fit of rage runs his uncle through with the poison sword. Hamlet has now finally revenged his father through much time then after his task is completed he finally collapses from the poison on the sword. Polonius is murdered by Hamlet when Polonius his discovered listening to Hamlet, and his mothers Queen Gertrude conversation . Hamlet unknowing of who the person behind the tapestry is, kills Polonius from where he was spying. When news of his fathers death reaches Poloniuss son Laertes, he comes back with an entourage to seek revenge for his fathers death. In this conversation Laertes believes Hamlets uncle King Claudius is responsible for his fathers death. How came he dead? Ill not be juggled with. / To hell, allegiance! Vows, to the blackest devil! / Conscience and grace, to the profoundest pit! / I dare damnation. To this point I stand, / That both the worlds I give to negligence, / Let come what comes, only Ill be revenged / Most thoroughly for my father. ( Act IV scene 5 page 134 line 133-139 ) Laertes takes a more aggressive stand point than Hamlet Laertes is ready to kill the king right away thinking that he murdered his father. .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df , .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df .postImageUrl , .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df , .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df:hover , .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df:visited , .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df:active { border:0!important; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df:active , .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u1cdfc19cf08ee4b291e6930ea3e0f4df:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Analysing the Marketing Strategy of PepsiCo Inc Essay But king Claudius tells Laertes that Hamlet is the one who killed his father. King Claudius

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The Nature of Knowledge Work and Knowledge Workers

The nature of knowledge work and knowledge workers Knowledge management involves discovering, developing, exploiting, and offering the knowledge contained within and without the organizations premises. By use of relevant management process, the management is able to cater for current and future requirements of the organization.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on The Nature of Knowledge Work and Knowledge Workers specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Knowledge work is the type of work that calls for specialized knowledge and skills, in such works, there would be need for creating a new knowledge for the activity to continue. The major difference between the knowledge work and physical labor is that the knowledge work is based on creating more knowledge for the worker to create some values in his activities. Knowledge workers are the individuals who have high levels of education specializing on a specific area, and mo st of the time, these workers apply their cognitive skills when about to handle complex situations. The definition of knowledge workers is very broad, and requires different levels of understanding for one to incorporate the meaning. For instance, all sorts of meaningful work are under this category because even activities like cutting hair, hair styling, or other minor works, the workers involved in them have some levels of specialized knowledge about their work. The only difference that is realized is on their productivity and effectiveness with regard to individual’s knowledge. To most of people, knowledge workers are taken to be individuals in the famous professions like lawyers, scientists, teachers, etc. To some extent, some top positions that can also be categorized under such levels include the senior personnel in advertising, insurance, and in project development among many others. As far as the world has diverse activities, many types of jobs are upcoming, which req uire specialized knowledge like musicians, business executives, and even some top officials in government. The works of knowledge workers involve much the interpretation and controlling of information, and at a certain point to come up with new knowledge. This makes it unique from the usual manner of data collection and then processing to obtain the results of the issue in question (Garber, 2003). There is a major difference between knowledge workers and less skilled or white-collar workers, who are destined to a certain work routine, with a specific structure and limitations as well.Advertising Looking for assessment on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the current world, most of people are adopting the qualities of knowledge workers due to the availability of the right resources to perform their activities. The introductions of computer-based technologies in most production companies have facilitated th e practice of knowledge workers with some employees . In most of the factories today, even the lowest levels of employment like factory floor workers requires some knowledge and high tech skills, as most of them are done with machines. The main background of knowledge workers is to handle diverse set of tasks and responsibilities by use of their knowledge and creation of a new knowledge. In the current working conditions, there are two main types of knowledge workers such as knowledge executors and knowledge generators. Knowledge executors are those groups of workers who make use of the existing knowledge by controlling the information through processes conceived by others (Davenport, Prusak, 2007). Knowledge generators, come up with new knowledge by controlling information to come up with a new resolution to a certain challenge, or rather introduce new concepts or products in that matter. Although these two are the known types of knowledge workers, it is hard to fix a certain work er to one category and fit there completely. This is because the entire knowledge work involves both activities, but you will find that some jobs use much of knowledge execution than knowledge generation and at times vice versa. How knowledge work and workers may be hindered or helped in an organization There are various ways through which knowledge workers and knowledge work can be helped or hindered in an organization. These workers are referred to as knowledge workers due to their high levels of education and experience, and their main activity in working involves more creation ok knowledge. Some of the main factors in an organization that may end up supporting knowledge workers and knowledge work are the learning culture of the organization, some human resource practices like reward systems, and the organization performance.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on The Nature of Knowledge Work and Knowledge Workers specifically for you for only $16.0 5 $11/page Learn More Any organization that is in need of attracting and retaining knowledge workers to their organization must be concerned to some important issues such as wants, their desires at their working conditions, ways to motivate them, manage their goals, and considering their values in work. The most important aspect that knowledge workers require in any organization is autonomy (Holtom, Mitchell, Lee, 2006). These workers should have a free and personal control of their lives and their activities. This applies to all sorts of knowledge workers despite they are working in large or small institutions. As long as this worker is in possession of inbuilt sense of self-worthiness and he or she is specialized in his professions. Managing knowledge workers has been taken as a challenge always due to the need for personal self-control. These workers require the freedom of choosing where to work, the resources that they need for their work, and most probably set t heir targets at the end of a certain period. Workers and other top managers know that organization is a place with many opportunities for growth especially in knowledge (De Geus, 2002). Knowledge workers should be given the available opportunities to develop and advance their knowledge and experience. Mostly, the advancement of technology is also calling for more experienced and knowledgeable workers, and that is why they should be given such opportunities to face those challenges in a better way. When such opportunities arise, the management as well as the workers should take them positively. Knowledge workers contribute positively to the growth and development of the company, and hence should be motivated daily to keep their productivity high and feel satisfied when performing their duties (Horwitz, Heng, Quazi, 2003). The major theme behind keeping the spirit of the workers high is to maintain their value to the business. Lack of motivational practices in any organization, may r esult to serious negative implications to the business. That is why the human resource department puts all the efforts to ensure workers are treated well. In most of the researches done in various organizations, it is evident that employees, who are regularly motivated, deliver their best in their productivity.Advertising Looking for assessment on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition to various motivational programs that are practiced in various organizations, the high advanced organizations also, make use of motivational games for their employees (Jamrog, 2004). Most of the knowledge workers get involved in serious and tiresome activities that require some form of refreshment. By such games, employees are motivated and at the same time, fun is included into their busy lives. The management can inspire its workers through practice of motivational games that are meant to be among the organizations sources of happiness. The combination of inspired and happy workers is a clear picture of an organization that is ready to benefit from its workers. When workers are practicing these motivational games, they interact with one another from the top most to juniors and work as a team. Such activities promote the spirit of teamwork a great deal, something that is very crucial to any developing organization (Coleman, 2003). The tactics of practicing teamwork are learnt through such activities. Workers come from various backgrounds that are different from one another, and the use of games contributes positively in promoting the concepts of teamwork for the people who have different views. In most of organizations, puzzle games are the ones played by the workers, whereby employees are divided into small groups, and are given some puzzles to solve. The group that provides the solution within the stipulated time first gets the reward. Tug-o-war is another popular game among the employees that involves two groups of people pulling the rope each on their side (Horwitz, Heng, Quazi, 2003). The group that manages to pull the full rope on their side is declared as the winner. Other motivational games that are played by employees include blindfolded obstacle, balloon blowing, talk all the way etc. The interaction part of the employees is the one mostly promoted by use of motivational games. Motivational games assist in removing the ice between diffe rent groups, and employees get a good opportunity of knowing each other in a better way. Some employees get a good chance of portraying their hidden potential and talents that may have help to them, and to the organization as a whole. The role of HR in supporting knowledge work and motivating knowledge workers In any organization, it the role of the human resource management to ensure that there are policies to support knowledge work, and on the other hand motivate knowledge employees. Some of the commonly practices that are used by the human resource managers are recognition of the workers, incentives, provision of interpersonal support, setting clear goals for them etc. knowledge worker motivation is very crucial due to improving individual performances hence the overall group productivity. When the human resource manager fails to motivate the workers, the productivity of the organization may decline with time (Glebbeek, Bax, Erik, 2004). When a worker if found to meet his or dea dlines, and the output is of quality, such a worker should be recognized among the rest. It depends with the policies of every organization, on how best to recognize such a worker. In some organizations, such workers are rewarded in front of his or her colleagues as a way of motivating the rest also to perform better. Through recognition, the best performer gets the morale of even performing better and better. On the other hand, those who were not recognized put extra efforts to ensure that they also receive recognition during the next period. Through this process, it is evident that all the workers feel needed, appreciated and of much value to the entire organization. Knowledge workers are not just like any other worker; they are a rare commodity and an important asset of the organization (Delery, 2008). If they are not made to feel that they are valued in the organization, they may end up quitting and joining other organizations. They are technical personnel who have the most esse ntial techniques of handling issues. In some cases, if they may fail to work, it means the production may be affected as they use their own experience and knowledge. Whenever a problem arises within an organization, knowledge workers should be given the necessary support and resources to ensure that they handle their challenges amicably. The way an organization sets its goals may be a factor to determine the effectiveness of a knowledge worker. The human resource management should set achievable goals for these workers, and targets that are practically achievable. Although they are the most paid in any organization, their targets should not be set so high to compromise their salaries (Holtom, Mitchell Lee, 2006). High targets that are hard to achieve may end up de-motivating these workers, and hence lower the productivity of the organization. The management should increase the goals systematically, for instance, what they have achieved in one month should be increased relatively to be the target for the following month. Their work involves much thinking, and several incidences that require creativity. When they work for long without a break, they may probably lower their productivity; it is the responsibility of the human resource management to come up with an applicable policy, on how these knowledge workers would be breaking to take a rest. Giving workers days off and leaves whenever necessary is a better way of ensuring that they relax, and resume their work when they are relaxed. Incase an organization is undertaking a certain project, and the key people who are leading the project are the knowledge workers, it is important for the human resource management or the supervisors to follow up the progress. These workers should not be left alone during such serious projects, but the management should show their concern by making follow-ups and enquiring of any needed resources to make it a success (De Geus, 2002). Through this, these workers feel cared for and an important part of the organization. Other factors that the management should cater for when motivating knowledge workers are punctuality, and willingness to attain the targets. A good working environment is another form of motivation, whereby workers love coming to work and enjoy attending to their duties. The culture and the working environment of a working place determine a lot on the characters and leadership styles that one possesses. The culture of an organization influences much the behaviors of workers. The actions and the behaviors of the workers depend on the styles that they adopt and get used to (De Geus, 2002). The three mainly compelling aspects in motivation are achievement, affiliation, and authority related motivation. This brings out the fact that different managers have different motivational drives. It does not matter a lot, on what the manager may be applying to motivate the workers, but the most important thing is to ensure, the comfort of the workers within the organization. These knowledge workers require both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. These two types of motivation are very important to any worker, as he or she would be able to deliver the best to the management. Intrinsic motivation is internally derived, because of benefits that one receives from his or her work (De Geus, 2002). Once they accept the fact that their work is wonderful and its benefitting them, the extrinsic motivation may then drive them further. The human resource managers activate the intrinsic motivation within workers, by offering them a specific purpose or an objective that they are passionate. It is always advantageous to the organization, when the management presents the most challenging activities to the internally motivated workers, because they will definitely perform better. Both types of motivation are very essential to workers as well as to the entire organization. Currently, most of the organizations are using creative visualization to give po wer to individual workers, through which one can observe and realize the ideas and images related to the set objectives (Coleman, 2003). Although workers are motivated to put extra efforts for their rewards, incentives, and other material gains, managers should bear in mind that material things are not everything as far as the relationship of workers and organization are concerned. The rewarding systems should be done accordingly, depending on the needs and desires of workers. This is when recognition and appreciation gain more value in worker motivation than any material gains. The human resource management is one of major resources within any organization that is relied upon for growth and profitability. For any organization to maximize the productivity of its workers, it is advisable to concentrate on two most important concepts of personal employee motivation and the working environment of the workers (Delery, 2008). Through goals, projects and allocation of interesting activiti es to the workers, it is a clear way of promoting the enthusiasm of workers to deliver fully in that responsibility. The act of recognizing every employee who is taking part in a certain project is very crucial in an organization. Rewarding and appreciating workers verbally is a known tip of improving their morale as well as their productivity. Another strategy that human resource management would employ to motivate their workers is by making the working environment wonderful. A good and encouraging working environment is one where all workers are treated in a fair manner without any form of discrimination (Horwitz, Heng, Quazi, 2003). Respect is an important virtue to be practiced in an entire organization. The duties and any contribution by a worker should be treated with much respect, to ensure workers have the right to exercise their freedom of expression. In some of organization, workers are provided with a place, where they can express their feelings, ideas, recommendations, complain, etc. Praising employees for something good they have done is known to increase their efforts and productivity as well. When it comes to praising workers for their efforts and success use of simple words can be applicable. It is researched that some people do not put any value to simple words like â€Å"well done†, â€Å"good job† etc. some managers tend to think that praising someone should be associated with rewards and gifts (Garvin, 2006). Several studies have proved the importance of expressing appreciation by words of mouth especially from a manager to the workers. Such an issue makes workers to feel appreciated and of much value to the organization. Praises are good attributes that should never be ignored by any organization that is looking forward to thrive, because when used wisely, they can benefit an organization greatly. It is a good exercise for the human resource management to exercise free communication with the workers. Good and free communicat ion is one of the motivational factors that are known to increase workers productivity. Through clear communication, workers get a good chance of understanding their responsibilities, and on the other hand feel motivated to achieve their targets (Horwitz, Heng, Quazi, 2003). Along with motivational tips, human resource management should put into consideration such factors like good working conditions, and reasonable working environment. There is another important moment when workers motivation is very essential, that is during recession. Mostly, every organization at one time or the other is affected by recession, and during such periods, it is always necessary for an organization to motivate its workers (Delery, 2008). During such economic downturns, it also becomes extremely hard period for the workers as they are affected due to decrease in their salaries, and others fear to be laid off. This is a time when the entire organization is filled with anxiety from the top management t o the lowest level of management. It becomes hard for the workers to believe that their jobs are secured; such incidences make some workers to start looking for some other opportunities. If such challenges are not handled carefully, things may get out of control, and the situation in an organization may become worse than expected (Jamrog, 2004). Once workers start imagining that their job is no longer secured, they fail even to deliver what they are expected, and productivity decreases with time. It has proved to be a hard practice of motivating workers during recession, but it is never impossible, as some managers tend to think. Recession is a time when an organization is supposed to prove its ability to remain in the market with its workers intact. This is the time for the human resource management to remain open and honest to the workers by explaining why and how things are happening, the likely consequences of the situation, and the best way through which hardships will be overc ome. Hiding the worse situations and their outcomes from the workers may be a way of putting them off, and indirectly lowering their productivity (Cassselman, Samson, 2007). The best way of handling workers during such periods is for the human resource management to air things as they appear, and present their expectations as they wait for things to get back to normal. Showing panic or having gloomy forecasts may not be necessary during such periods, as the managers should prove that everything is under control. Showing panic may result to employees fear and lack of morale of performing their duties. The efforts of top leaders should be the best example to the rest of the workers; the leaders should create a positive environment during such hard periods as a way of motivating the rest. Other most important factors that may keep workers motivated during recession are by coming up with suitable strategies, and creating open lines of communication. The entire management should put its focus on future developments and minimize the gossips concerning the situation (Lubit, 2001). The use of team days is another that human resource management may apply to motivate workers. This is whereby a day is fixed and employees are invited to meet at a certain point away from the office probably in a resort (Hoopes Postrel, 2004). During such days, workers are allowed to interact with one another, whereby they are made to understand their responsibilities and consult whenever some clarification are needed to clear any form of misunderstanding. If both workers and the management team understand what is expected of them, it would be easier for everyone to handle his or her responsibilities. Working guidelines are very important as they set the boundaries that one is supposed to be restrained. The set boundaries are very essential part of work, and they should be made clear to every worker to understand what they should do, and what they should not do. When any worker knows, wha t he or she should do or not to do makes workers to prepare in advance on how best to execute their duties and responsibilities. During team days, individual feedbacks is given to workers to open a chance of discussing all their challenges, and factors that are likely to de-motivate them, incase there is any (Horwitz, Heng, Quazi, 2003). The most important thing to be known by all managers is that motivation is not something to be attained by one day, but a long time process. Motivational practices are supposed to be an ongoing process, which should be practiced for some years for the organization to get used and offer it effectively. Other things are taken as simple by management but they have a great impact to the worker. Just a simple smile can be a great motivator given by a manager to a worker that can make him or her feel better and even improve their productivity. In addition, the application of effective leadership and management can perform the responsibilities of motivati ng workers well. Bibliography Cassselman, R. M., Samson, D. (2007), â€Å"Aligning Knowledge Strategy and  Knowledge Capabilities.† Technology Analysis Strategic Management, Volume 19:1: 69-81. Coleman, J.S. (2003), â€Å"Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital.† American Journal of Sociology, Volume 94: 95-120. Davenport, T.H., Prusak, L. (2007), Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage  What They Know. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. De Geus, A. (2002), The Living Company, Boston: Harvard Business School Press. Delery, J. E. (2008), â€Å"Issues of Fit in Strategic Human Research Management:  Implications for Research.† Human Resource Management Review, Volume 8:3: 289-309. Garber, M. A. (2003), Intent to Stay. Dissertation Abstracts International, DAI-A, Volume 64:5: 1746 (AAT 3092848). Garvin, D. A. (2006), â€Å"Building a Learning Organization.† Harvard Business Review, July-August: 78-91. Glebbeek, A. C., Bax, Erik H. (2 004), â€Å"Is Employee Turnover Really Harmful? An  Empirical Test Using Company Records.† Academy of Management Journal, Volume 47:2: 277-286. Holtom, B. C., Mitchell, T. R., Lee, T. W. (2006), â€Å"Increasing Human and Social  Capital by Applying Job Embeddedness Theory.† Organizational Dynamics, Volume 35:4: 316-331. Hoopes, D.G., Postrel, S. (2004), â€Å"Shared Knowledge, â€Å"Glitches†, and Product  Development Performance†, Strategic Management Journal, Volume 20:9:837 865. Horwitz, F. M., Heng, C. T., Quazi, H. A. (2003), â€Å"Finders, Keepers? Attracting,  Motivating, and Retaining Knowledge Workers.† Human Resource Management Journal, Volume13:4: 23-44. Jamrog, J. (2004). â€Å"The Perfect Storm: The Future of Retention and Engagement.†Ã‚  Human Resource Planning, Volume 27:3: 26-33. Little, S., Ray, T. (2005), Managing knowledge: an essential reader, New York: SAGE. Lubit, R. (2001). â€Å"Tacit Knowledge and Know ledge Management: The Keys to  Sustainable Competitive Advantage.† Organizational Dynamics, Volume 29: 4: 164-178. Oswick, R. (2010), Interorganizational relationship: Organizational Theory and Design,  New York: Cengage Learning. This assessment on The Nature of Knowledge Work and Knowledge Workers was written and submitted by user Brandon Goff to help you with your own studies. 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